Modern Production

Field preparation

As soon as the winter frost cease, fields are ploughed. Ploughs are used in farming for the initial preparation and cultivation of soil to make it ready for sowing seed. Ploughs turn over the upper layer of soil which brings fresh nutrients to the surface. As well as bringing nutrients up it buries weeds and previous crop remains; by burying them they can then break down and add more nutrients back into the soil. Ploughing also aerates the soil so that it can hold in moisture more effectively. Some nitrogen rich organic fertilizer is sometimes added before ploughing.

Harrow

A harrow is used after ploughing to breaks up loose clods and lumps to give a finer finish. Harrows give good soil structure that is suitable for planting and seeding. Harrow is also used for removing early weeds.

Leveling

fields are carefully leveled with precision, laser-guided grading equipment. More level and smooth soil surface reduce time and water required to irrigate the fields. Rice will grow in a more uniform moisture environment with an uniform germination reducing in seeds, fertilizer, chemicals and fuel.

Flooding

Water is run into the fields to a depth of only 10-15 cm.
Water has been shown to improve the rice plants' ability to compete against weeds for nutrients and sunlight, reducing the need for herbicides

Sow

Rice seed is then soaked sowed. The heavy seeds sink and begin to grow after a few days. Fertiliser spreaders are used to saw rice and apply fertiliser easily. Using this machinery must be done carefully and accurately. It is important to make sure that you lay the right amounts of seeds and fertiliser

Pests and Weeds control

One to two applications of herbicides are applied to control weeds early in the growing cycle. If necessary, fields are treated for pests. Early application ensures uncontaminated rice at harvest.

Harvest

By August, the grain begins to appear in long panicles on the top of the plant. By September, the grain are ripe and ready to be harvested. Before rice harvest can begin, the fields must be drained.

Transport

Tractors come alongside, receiving the rice and delivering it to the farm.

Drying

Rice is then carefully dried to an ideal moisture level and stored until the customer places an order. Different crops have different moisture contents and if the grain isn't dried out then the moisture in the crops will rot and mould. This machine is similar to a huge hairdrier where a constant flow of warm air go through the rice that release his moisture. When rice enter the dryer has 22-24% of water then it slowly go down to 13%. This step is critical becasue if the decreasing rate of moisture is too high the grains will break.

Milling & Storage

At the mill, the hull is first removed, leaving brown rice. White rice is the result of gently removing the bran layers to leave just the inner, pearly grain.

Other ways to grow Rice

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